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The Resource Parliaments as Peacebuilders in Conflict-Affected Countries

Parliaments as Peacebuilders in Conflict-Affected Countries

Label
Parliaments as Peacebuilders in Conflict-Affected Countries
Title
Parliaments as Peacebuilders in Conflict-Affected Countries
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
The changing nature of conflict and the increase in intrastate conflict during the 1990s, followed by its slow decline since the turn of the century, have led to changing priorities in the field of conflict resolution. No longer is the international community solely concerned with resolving existing conflicts; it also is managing emerging conflicts to ensure that they do not flare into violent conflict. This book outlines some of the strategies parliaments and parliamentarians can adopt to reduce the incidence of conflict and effectively manage conflict when it does emerge. It is hoped that by developing a better understanding of the nexus between parliament, poverty, and conflict parliamentarians will be more aware of the array of options open to them as they seek to contribute to conflict management in conflict-affected societies
Member of
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
Dewey number
328.309172/4
LC call number
  • JF511 -- .P363 2008eb
  • JF511 -- .P363 2008eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Series statement
WBI Learning Resources
Label
Parliaments as Peacebuilders in Conflict-Affected Countries
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Contents -- Foreword -- Preface -- Contributors -- 1. Introduction: Parliaments as Peacebuilders -- How Parliaments Can Help Prevent Conflict and Nurture Peace -- Parliamentary Structure and Functions -- A Study of Countries' Experiences and Strategies -- References -- 2. The Nexus Among Parliaments, Poverty Reduction, and Conflict Prevention -- The Relationship between Poverty and Conflict -- The Relationship between Democracy and Conflict -- The "Development First" Philosophy -- The Relationship between Democracy and Development -- Parliaments as the Cornerstone -- The Way Forward -- References -- Declarations -- 3. Making Parliament More Representative -- Designing Electoral Systems to Encourage Participation and Representation in Parliament -- Ensuring Just Representation and Legitimacy through the Electoral Process -- Working with Election Observers to Ensure a Representative Parliament -- The Role of the Opposition in Representing the Community's Collective Interests in Conflict Prevention -- Parliamentary Leadership -- Conclusion -- Annex: Management of the 2005 Afghan Parliamentary Elections -- References -- Declarations -- 4. Advancing Parliament's Legislative Function in Conflict-Affected Societies -- Building a Culture of Cooperation in Parliament -- Conducting Parliamentary Business -- Creating a Legislative Agenda for Conflict-Affected Countries -- Conclusion -- References -- Principles and Recommendations -- 5. Creating a Shared Parliament in a Divided Society: Lessons from the Northern Ireland Experience -- Fifty Years of Drift -- Development of the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement -- Multiparty Peace Talks and the Belfast Agreement -- Rights, Responsibilities, and Respect for Minorities -- Respect and Trust -- Sharing Power and Serving the Public Interest -- Rebuilding of the Rule of Law and a Culture of Lawfulness
  • Beyond the Belfast Agreement -- 6. Strengthening Parliamentary Oversight to Prevent Conflict and Reduce Poverty -- Direct Parliamentary Oversight of the Government -- Autonomous Accountability Institutions -- Conclusion -- References -- Declarations and Principles -- 7. Parliamentary Oversight of Defense in South Africa -- Democratic Transformation and Defense Policy -- The Establishment of Parliamentary Defense Oversight -- The Strategic Defense Procurement Package and Parliamentary Oversight -- The Implications for Defense Oversight -- References -- 8. Social Accountability-Citizens, Civil Society, and the Media Working with Parliament to Prevent Conflict and Reduce Poverty -- Parliament and Constituency Relations -- Civil Society and Community Groups -- Civil Society and Diagonal Accountability -- The Media -- Conclusion -- References -- Treaties, Declarations, and Principles -- 9. The Role of the Rwandan Parliament in Conflict Prevention -- The Arusha Accords and Legislative Design -- The 2003 Constitution and the Bicameral Legislature -- Parliament as an Instrument for Limiting Political Expression -- Conclusion -- References -- 10. Gender Dimensions in Conflict-Affected Countries: The Role of Parliaments -- International Commitments to Gender Mainstreaming -- Situation of Women in Parliaments in Post-Confl ict Countries -- Gender and Peace Processes-Negotiations and Agreements -- Civil Society Organizations -- Gender, Justice, and Reconciliation -- Gender Concerns for Parliament during Political Reconstruction -- Parliamentary Alliance Building -- Gender, Parliament, and Economic Development -- Conclusion -- References -- Treaties, Declarations, and Resolutions -- 11. Building Capacity to Manage Conflict and Change: Lessons From Thailand -- Conflict in Southern Thailand -- Labeling of Conflict -- Escalation of Conflict
  • De-escalation of Conflict -- Capacity Building to Manage Conflict and Change -- Effective Leadership -- Conclusion -- References -- 12. Military Intervention in Thai Parliamentary Democracy -- The 1997 Constitution: Weakening of the Legislature -- A Dominant Executive Branch -- Corruption -- The September 2006 Coup -- Conclusion -- Readings -- 13. Broad Strategies for Parliament to Tackle Conflict and Promote Socioeconomic Equality -- Promotion of Socioeconomic Equality -- The Natural Environment -- Decentralization -- Rule of Law -- Conclusion -- References -- Principles -- 14. Macroeconomic Challenges in Post-Conflict Countries and the Role of Parliaments -- Post-Conflict Economic Policy and the Role of Parliament -- Stylized Macroeconomic Facts in Post-Conflict Countries -- Policy Priorities in a Post-Conflict Setting -- Role of Parliaments in Prioritizing Public Spending and Ensuring Prudent Macroeconomic Policies -- Parliaments and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) Process -- Conclusion -- References -- 15. Regional Parliamentary Peacebuilding and Engagement with International Organizations -- Parliamentary Representation of Community Interests in Initiatives Undertaken with Multilateral Development Agencies -- Development of Informal Networks: The Great Lakes Parliamentary Forum on Peace (AMANI Forum) -- Participation in Professional Associations: The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association's Commitment to the Harare Declaration -- Formal Regional Institutions: SADC Parliamentary Forum -- Conclusion -- References -- Declarations -- 16. Toward an Active Participation in Foreign Policy-The Role of the Finnish Parliament in International Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management -- Empowering the Finnish Parliament to Participate in International Conflict Management
  • How the Finnish Parliament Has Contributed to International Conflict Resolution -- Conclusion -- Annex: The Finnish Parliament in the 21st Century -- The 2000 Constitution -- Leading by Example in Building an Informed Democracy -- Budgetary and Administrative Autonomy of the Eduskunta -- 17. Conclusion -- Ensuring That Parliament Has a Representative Voice -- Establishing Accountability -- Conducting Legislative Business -- Case Studies Provide Anecdotal Support to the Central Arguments -- Social Accountability -- Contributing to Conflict Prevention beyond Parliament's Walls -- Conclusion -- Box 3.1 Text of the Fox Agreement -- Figure 1.1 Model of Parliamentary Power -- Figure 2.1 The Conflict Cycle -- Figure 6.1 Horizontal and Vertical Accountability Flows -- Figure 11.1 Interrelationship between Individual and Group Identity -- Figure 11.2 Escalation and De-escalation of Conflict -- Figure 11.3 Interrelational Framework
Control code
EBC459624
Extent
1 online resource (258 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780821375808
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
System control number
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC459624
  • (Au-PeEL)EBL459624
  • (CaPaEBR)ebr10252481
  • (OCoLC)276892388
Label
Parliaments as Peacebuilders in Conflict-Affected Countries
Publication
Copyright
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Contents -- Foreword -- Preface -- Contributors -- 1. Introduction: Parliaments as Peacebuilders -- How Parliaments Can Help Prevent Conflict and Nurture Peace -- Parliamentary Structure and Functions -- A Study of Countries' Experiences and Strategies -- References -- 2. The Nexus Among Parliaments, Poverty Reduction, and Conflict Prevention -- The Relationship between Poverty and Conflict -- The Relationship between Democracy and Conflict -- The "Development First" Philosophy -- The Relationship between Democracy and Development -- Parliaments as the Cornerstone -- The Way Forward -- References -- Declarations -- 3. Making Parliament More Representative -- Designing Electoral Systems to Encourage Participation and Representation in Parliament -- Ensuring Just Representation and Legitimacy through the Electoral Process -- Working with Election Observers to Ensure a Representative Parliament -- The Role of the Opposition in Representing the Community's Collective Interests in Conflict Prevention -- Parliamentary Leadership -- Conclusion -- Annex: Management of the 2005 Afghan Parliamentary Elections -- References -- Declarations -- 4. Advancing Parliament's Legislative Function in Conflict-Affected Societies -- Building a Culture of Cooperation in Parliament -- Conducting Parliamentary Business -- Creating a Legislative Agenda for Conflict-Affected Countries -- Conclusion -- References -- Principles and Recommendations -- 5. Creating a Shared Parliament in a Divided Society: Lessons from the Northern Ireland Experience -- Fifty Years of Drift -- Development of the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement -- Multiparty Peace Talks and the Belfast Agreement -- Rights, Responsibilities, and Respect for Minorities -- Respect and Trust -- Sharing Power and Serving the Public Interest -- Rebuilding of the Rule of Law and a Culture of Lawfulness
  • Beyond the Belfast Agreement -- 6. Strengthening Parliamentary Oversight to Prevent Conflict and Reduce Poverty -- Direct Parliamentary Oversight of the Government -- Autonomous Accountability Institutions -- Conclusion -- References -- Declarations and Principles -- 7. Parliamentary Oversight of Defense in South Africa -- Democratic Transformation and Defense Policy -- The Establishment of Parliamentary Defense Oversight -- The Strategic Defense Procurement Package and Parliamentary Oversight -- The Implications for Defense Oversight -- References -- 8. Social Accountability-Citizens, Civil Society, and the Media Working with Parliament to Prevent Conflict and Reduce Poverty -- Parliament and Constituency Relations -- Civil Society and Community Groups -- Civil Society and Diagonal Accountability -- The Media -- Conclusion -- References -- Treaties, Declarations, and Principles -- 9. The Role of the Rwandan Parliament in Conflict Prevention -- The Arusha Accords and Legislative Design -- The 2003 Constitution and the Bicameral Legislature -- Parliament as an Instrument for Limiting Political Expression -- Conclusion -- References -- 10. Gender Dimensions in Conflict-Affected Countries: The Role of Parliaments -- International Commitments to Gender Mainstreaming -- Situation of Women in Parliaments in Post-Confl ict Countries -- Gender and Peace Processes-Negotiations and Agreements -- Civil Society Organizations -- Gender, Justice, and Reconciliation -- Gender Concerns for Parliament during Political Reconstruction -- Parliamentary Alliance Building -- Gender, Parliament, and Economic Development -- Conclusion -- References -- Treaties, Declarations, and Resolutions -- 11. Building Capacity to Manage Conflict and Change: Lessons From Thailand -- Conflict in Southern Thailand -- Labeling of Conflict -- Escalation of Conflict
  • De-escalation of Conflict -- Capacity Building to Manage Conflict and Change -- Effective Leadership -- Conclusion -- References -- 12. Military Intervention in Thai Parliamentary Democracy -- The 1997 Constitution: Weakening of the Legislature -- A Dominant Executive Branch -- Corruption -- The September 2006 Coup -- Conclusion -- Readings -- 13. Broad Strategies for Parliament to Tackle Conflict and Promote Socioeconomic Equality -- Promotion of Socioeconomic Equality -- The Natural Environment -- Decentralization -- Rule of Law -- Conclusion -- References -- Principles -- 14. Macroeconomic Challenges in Post-Conflict Countries and the Role of Parliaments -- Post-Conflict Economic Policy and the Role of Parliament -- Stylized Macroeconomic Facts in Post-Conflict Countries -- Policy Priorities in a Post-Conflict Setting -- Role of Parliaments in Prioritizing Public Spending and Ensuring Prudent Macroeconomic Policies -- Parliaments and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) Process -- Conclusion -- References -- 15. Regional Parliamentary Peacebuilding and Engagement with International Organizations -- Parliamentary Representation of Community Interests in Initiatives Undertaken with Multilateral Development Agencies -- Development of Informal Networks: The Great Lakes Parliamentary Forum on Peace (AMANI Forum) -- Participation in Professional Associations: The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association's Commitment to the Harare Declaration -- Formal Regional Institutions: SADC Parliamentary Forum -- Conclusion -- References -- Declarations -- 16. Toward an Active Participation in Foreign Policy-The Role of the Finnish Parliament in International Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management -- Empowering the Finnish Parliament to Participate in International Conflict Management
  • How the Finnish Parliament Has Contributed to International Conflict Resolution -- Conclusion -- Annex: The Finnish Parliament in the 21st Century -- The 2000 Constitution -- Leading by Example in Building an Informed Democracy -- Budgetary and Administrative Autonomy of the Eduskunta -- 17. Conclusion -- Ensuring That Parliament Has a Representative Voice -- Establishing Accountability -- Conducting Legislative Business -- Case Studies Provide Anecdotal Support to the Central Arguments -- Social Accountability -- Contributing to Conflict Prevention beyond Parliament's Walls -- Conclusion -- Box 3.1 Text of the Fox Agreement -- Figure 1.1 Model of Parliamentary Power -- Figure 2.1 The Conflict Cycle -- Figure 6.1 Horizontal and Vertical Accountability Flows -- Figure 11.1 Interrelationship between Individual and Group Identity -- Figure 11.2 Escalation and De-escalation of Conflict -- Figure 11.3 Interrelational Framework
Control code
EBC459624
Extent
1 online resource (258 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780821375808
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
System control number
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC459624
  • (Au-PeEL)EBL459624
  • (CaPaEBR)ebr10252481
  • (OCoLC)276892388

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